學測考題

【111學測】混合題型 英文怎麼考? 收藏

  大學問編輯部   2020-09-20    108課綱 , 學測 , 高中英文 , 111考招

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★看更多學測混合題型:【111學測】混合題型╳卷卡合一 兩大特色搶先看



111年將舉辦的新型學測中,英文考科以部定的英文必修課程(高一到高三上)為考試範圍,測驗考生英文詞彙與語法運用、閱讀文本與篇章結構的理解,以及翻譯及寫作等語言能力。滿分100分,考試時間為100分鐘。題型包括:選擇題型、混合題型及非選擇題型三大部分,前兩者以評量閱讀理解能力為主,後者則以寫作能力的評量為主。

三大題型 選文多元

英文考科三大題型的命題選文是以連續性文本為主,涵蓋多元主題,搭配各種文體呈現,並適當融入多元表徵資訊,如:圖片、表格等。取材來源多為報紙、雜誌、書籍、網際網路等,考生平日若多方涉獵各種不同主題及文體的文章,則能提升閱讀各類文章的能力。

【選擇題】
第一部分是選擇題,占分62%。包括詞彙、綜合測驗、文意選填、篇章結構、閱讀測驗等五大類,其中詞彙題為單題試題,主要評量考生常用詞彙的理解與運用;而綜合測驗、文意選填、篇章結構、閱讀測驗則為題組型態的篇章閱讀,以選文搭配數道試題。這些主要評量考生是否能閱讀文長約180至400字的選文,理解其文意脈絡及篇章結構。

【混合題型】
第二部分為混合題型,也是180至400字選文的題組型試題,占分10%。會包含兩種以上的作答方式,例如選擇、表格填充或簡答等。藉由不同的做答設計,引導評量考生的理解、分析與表達能力。

【非選擇題型】
第三部分則非選擇題型,占分28%。分為兩大題,第一大題為中譯英,評量考生是否具備英文句子書寫能力,內容以高中階段所學之基本句型(如單句、合句、複句)為主。第二大題則為英文作文,如:簡函寫作、看圖寫作、圖表寫作、主題寫作等,寫作主題會與考生日常生活及學習範疇密切配合,用以評量考生書寫短文的能力。

混合題型 怎麼考

混合題型主要在評量考生綜合運用詞彙(含慣用語)、語意、語法、語用以及篇章結構的知識,進而理解文意脈絡、擷取文章重要訊息,並加以分析、比較與推理的能力。以下題為例,考生必須根據文章的文意於每題選出最適當的一個選項或填寫出最適當的答案。

題組主文
第1至4題為題組
  It is an appealing idea that some foods are unhealthy, some healthy, and some super-healthy. About 61% of British people reported buying foods because they were supposed superfoods, according to a 2014 survey. But what are superfoods? Are they really so good for our health?
  Currently, kale is one of the coolest superfoods around. Kale, a very common vegetable, has grown in northern Europe, and plenty of other places, for thousands of years. Its nutrition is similar to that of cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. Is kale significantly better than her vegetables? Fans of superfoods like to list the things that kale contains a lot of, such as iron and vitamins, and point out what those things do (make red blood cells). But that doesn’t mean your body gets superpowers if you eat more than you need, especially if you’re already getting enough from other sources. It is like trying to make your car go faster by putting in more petrol. No good evidence shows that eating plenty of fruit and vegetables with kale is any better than eating plenty of them without.
  Another example is chia seeds. One hundred grams of chia seeds contain about 17g of Omega-3s, about eight times as much as salmon. However, the Omega-3s in chia seeds are different from the ones in fish: Our body turns the chia kind into the fish kind very inefficiently, meaning that you will actually absorb less. Nor is it easy to eat a full 100g of chia seeds, which contain 486 calories, almost as much as a Big Mac. So fish is definitely a good source of Omega-3 fatty acids for you, which help to protect against cardiovascular disease. But there is little evidence to suggest the health benefits from chia seeds.
  Indeed, good nutrition helps the body fight against diseases. The truth, however, is that nutrition is fabulously complex, different for everybody and mostly mysterious. We know that if you eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables and do regular exercise, you don’t need any superfood. And if you don’t, no superfood will save you.

【第1小題題目】
According to the passage, which of the following best describes the author’s attitude towards the health benefits of superfoods?
(A)
Doubtful. (B) Optimistic. (C) Objective. (D) Frustrated.

【參考答案】:(A)

【解析】:本題評量考生能否判斷作者的態度。作答線索在於每一段落中作者的意見,尤其最後一段倒數第三行 We know that if you eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables and do regular exercise, you don’t need any superfood. And if you don’t, no superfood will save you.

【第2小題題目】
Choose ONE sentence from Paragraph 3 that best indicates the author’s attitude toward chia seeds. Write down the WHOLE sentence on the answer sheet.
________________________________________________________________

【參考答案】:But there is little evidence to suggest the health benefits from chia seeds.

【解析】:本題評量考生能否判斷作者的態度並加以舉證。作答時須分別從第三段中判斷出最後一句為作者對 superfoods 健康益處存疑之佐證。

【第3小題題目】
What does the author mean by saying “… if you don’t” in the last paragraph? It means “… if you don’t _____________________________________________.”

【參考答案】:eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables and do regular exercise

【解析】:本題評量考生能否掌握文章結構(cohesive devices,動詞結構的刪略法)。作答線索在於前一句所提的 We know that if you eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables and do regular exercise, you don’t need any superfood.

【第4小題題目】
According to the passage, write down the major nutrient(s) we can find in kale and chia seeds and the benefits of these nutrients.
nutrient(s) benefit(s) of the nutrient(s)
kale
chia seeds

【參考答案】:
nutrient(s) benefit(s) of the nutrient(s)
kale iron and vitamins make red blood cells
chia seeds Omega-3 protect against cardiovascular disease

【解析】:本題評量考生能否找尋特定的資訊。作答時需分別從第二段第四、五行及第三段第五、六行找到 kale 與 chia seeds 的營養成分及其所帶來益處。




★資料來源:大考中心111學年度「考試說明」




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